Improving Vaccine Supply Chain at the Pan American Health Organization

Category: 
Health/Infectious Diseases
Topic: 
Bundling of Vaccines for South America
Organization: 
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) is the regional office for the Americas of the World Health Organization. It procures vaccines for 37 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Each year, based on forecasted demand, PAHO requests bids from vaccines suppliers. The allocations to each supplier are determined manually, considering vaccines costs, estimated transportation costs, supplier’s performance, and special country requests. In order to improve this bidding and allocation process, recommendations for demand forecasting and transportation costs estimation were done. Also, a model for bid award allocation was developed to explore bundle bidding in which suppliers can submit bids for groups of vaccines rather than only individual vaccines. The results of the project provided valuable insight into supply chain improvements for PAHO’s vaccine procurement process.


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