The conference will host posters relating to research, new projects or solutions in health and humanitarian logistics. A typical poster summarizes work done (e.g., by NGOs, companies, academics, or others) to solve a particular problem. This type of presentation is a great way of obtaining feedback and generating discussions with conference attendees.
The goal of this poster is to present a proof-of-concept on the use of an Agent-Based simulation to model medicine adherence by patience with epilepsy. The simulation will also examine the efficacy of the current measures that are in place to boost adherence. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition that is marked by recurring involuntary seizures. The principle treatment of these seizures is medication, taken on regular schedules that assist brain cells to resist seizures. Unfortunately, one of the significant co-morbidity of epilepsy is memory impairment, which subsequently affects patients’ ability to adhere to medication. Taking these seizure medications on a regular schedule is crucial despite the presence of this significant memory impairment for seizure elimination, which results in significant health, social and economic gains. As such, there is need to first evaluate the efficacy of the current measures that boost adherence or come up with innovative ways to remind patients to take their medication. Through this simulation model, we will be able to simulate the adherence patterns of the patients as well as the behavioral interactions between the patients and their caregivers.
The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the warehouse and inventory management practices since the implementation of the health commodity management information system (HCMIS), executed by Tikur Anbessa Specializes Hospital (TASH). Mixed method research designs using quantitative and qualitative methods were used in this study. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyze the quantitative data for which Microsoft excel and SPSS version 20 software were used while thematic analysis was used for the qualitative data. The findings show that there was a significant improvement in order fill rate, line fill rate, inventory turnover rate, stock wastage amount and rate, and order turnaround time with percentage improvements following HCMIS implementation. Qualitative investigation revealed that the HCMIS had brought many advantages through real time data visibility and information sharing.
There is an urgent need for on-demand and cost-effective air transport of urgently needed medical supplies, laboratory samples, vaccines, blood or humanitarian cargo to remote and inaccessible areas in Africa where conventional cargo planes are unable to land due to insufficient infrastructure or cargo helicopters are expensive to operate. Astral Aviation’s flagship cargo drone, FlyOx, has a 2-tonne payload cargo drone that is specially designed to land on both paved and unpaved airstrips as well as on water, accessing regions that were previously deemed, inaccessible. The current logistical limitations and economic impacts of transportation to these inaccessible regions prevent humanitarian partners from executing their full potential in the provision of humanitarian services. The use of cargo drones in Africa could be a solution to the infrastructure problem, enabling them to leapfrog traditional infrastructure development, and to increase efficiency in the delivery of humanitarian aid while lowering the transport cost in a challenging environment.
Improving the health of Nepali citizens and supporting the country's National Health Policy and Health Sector Strategy 2015-2020 has been the primary objective of USAID's Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project in Nepal. The project aims to reduce health commodity stockouts and strengthen health systems, infrastructure, human resource management, procurement, supply chain management, and health information management in rural communities in Nepal. The award-winning cloud and mobile-based ERP platform of Bileeta "Entution Vesta" recently became part of USAID's GHSC-PSM project to streamline the health commodity supply chain management process; it reduces manual paperwork involved in the inventory management, communication, and approval process and becomes the central access point for real-time logistics status. Entution Vesta is also linked with mobile apps, which ensures that everyone involved in the process, from central procurement to last mile service delivery point including midwives, are well equipped with information to make timely decisions to serve the community.
This study aims to increase the effectiveness of mobile family planning units that travel from village to village in developing countries to serve people with often have no other access to family planning. The study develops guidelines for mobile units on how to divide the limited number of days available over the villages such that as many clients as possible can be reached. The effectiveness of policies in a practical context is illustrated by applying them to a case study for mobile teams of Marie Stopes Uganda. The analyses show that simple planning policies can increase the total number of clients reached by over 8%.
Lisa Eline Swinkels, Researcher, INSEAD
Success of UHC programme in Kenya is dependent on timely availability of pharmaceutical products at the facilities. Currently there are no plans to assess the challenges faced by counties regarding the logistics of supplying pharmaceutical products. The study utilized both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The population was drawn from Nyamira County with 120 health facilities. The study adopted a questionnaire for gathering data. Key findings clearly indicate that there was no proper selection supports system that ensures the high quality product selection, appropriate quantity of the product to be selected and the need satisfaction of the product also the County drug policy document are not being used irrespective of being a very important document, procurement support system was discussed to check whether it accommodates the element of planning in terms of budget and supply planning however, the one in place is not effective in the County, forecasting and development of a system using dispensed user data in the procurement support system in universal health coverage is not effective. Findings revealed that medical practitioners are even not aware of distribution data in the issue of the procurement support system and are not even aware of forecast being done using distribution data. The study recommends a logistic management information system to be implemented in the facilities the system for pharmaceutical logistics management to enhance performance of public hospital in Kenya.
The Cosmetic industry in Kenya has experienced change and growth, which affected the state of competition. Increased influx of international and local cosmetics industries in Kenyan market due to the high and readily available market. The study sought to establish the logistics management practices adopted by cosmetics manufacturing firms in Kenya, the effect of logistics management practices on the responsiveness of cosmetics manufacturing firms and to establish the challenges that cosmetic manufacturing firms in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The study population was 30 cosmetic manufacturing firms in Kenya. Primary data was collected using a questionnaire. The findings indicate that Cosmetics manufacturing firms face challenges to a moderate extent, with the high cost of implementation and lack of top management support is commonly faced with challenges. The study recommends that the government find mechanisms for controlling the business of hawkers to enable cosmetic firms to sell their products at competitive prices. This study further recommends that cosmetic firms should develop mechanisms for managing employee relations to ensure smooth operations of their businesses.
The convergence of unsolicited non-priority in-kind donations has been coined as the second disaster wave. It hampers the delivery of critical supplies to disaster-affected locations and obstructs efforts in meeting demand with supply in humanitarian emergencies. Based on eliciting the opinions of two expert panels, the present research puts forward potential combinations of supply chain configuration-strategy that allow better management of unsolicited donations in different disaster scenarios. Using resources orchestration theory, this study identifies supply chain capabilities and related practices needed in each combination. In doing so, supply chain researchers and practitioners can prioritise the most relevant supply chain capabilities, considering the constraints of the prevalent conditions.
This poster presents the brand new and innovative Medexis tool: Medexis is a cloud-based supply chain management and visibility tool by i+ solutions. Through the story of its recent creation, this presentation describes the issues the tool is addressing, the way the tool is designed, the key features of the tool, and its main benefits. It finishes with the current status of its deployment.
Zenysis Technologies is a big data and artificial intelligence software company based in Silicon Valley dedicated to accelerating global development goals and improving lives everywhere and is led by software engineers and data scientists from Google, Amazon and NASA. The Zenysis software takes advantage of powerful open source technologies, machine learning, fuzzy logic and artificial intelligence to rapidly integrate, clean, standardize and store data from multiple fragmented sources across sectors, giving decision-makers a global view of their data for the first time. The Zenysis platform is highly flexible and extensible and can be quickly configured to meet the needs of a diverse range of users at different levels of the health system. Zenysis has already implemented its platform in ten countries across Africa and South Asia where the platform has been tested and validated as an effective tool for improved decision-making.
This abstract report on how transitioning from paper to electronic logistics information management system was managed through a transformation plan, inspired by the ADKAR change model, with focus on successful influencing methods and communication strategy. The introduction of a structured change management strategy contributed to end users and stakeholder's empowerment and engagement to project success. Key lessons learnt include need for wider stakeholder engagement and a structured post-implementation funding strategy for sustainability. Proactively identifying must-win battles, underlying realities to change resistance and addressing them through focused training, targeted activities by project team and management, communication and behavioural change are important for successful and sustainable change.
The global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions that cause global warming and climate change greatly threatens humanity through excessive carbon footprints that are largely caused by energy production alongside other industrial waste. While the role to address climate change lies with climate experts, health experts also have a role to play in this global crisis which may deprive humanity and future generations the only earth, to live on, if left unattended to. There is a need by all social sectors to conjointly create awareness and work towards promoting a lean SIX Sigma thinking, Green Growth and renewable energy resource usage to combat the health-risk activities like GHG emissions, waste, pollution, water contamination that cause diseases and even lead to premature deaths which are associated with the changing climate. This innovative partnership between climate and health experts would help create sustainable health supply chain systems.